In short, you should typically plant your pepper seeds indoors in early-mid March, or 6-8 weeks before the last frost.
Tip: If you want to encourage bushier plants, you can start seedlings in mid-February and prune the plants in March. Starting peppers really early will allow you to prune your plants to encourage fuller plant growth and better pepper yields.
Using a grow light
There are endless options to choose from when buying an indoor grow light. We love the noise-free LED lights that are highly efficient and don’t put off much heat. We also use a clip-on adjustable LED light for early-stage seedling growth.
𝐌𝐨𝐯𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐏𝐥𝐚𝐧𝐭𝐬 𝐎𝐮𝐭𝐬𝐢𝐝𝐞 / 𝐇𝐚𝐫𝐝𝐞𝐧𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐎𝐟𝐟 𝐏𝐥𝐚𝐧𝐭𝐬
Hardening off plants can be a tricky process. Indoors, the new plants are not used to the natural elements, like wind, rain, direct sunlight and changing temperatures. In order to smoothly transition your plants outside, you must do it gradually.
𝐑𝐞𝐜𝐨𝐦𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐝𝐞𝐝 𝐬𝐜𝐡𝐞𝐝𝐮𝐥𝐞 𝐟𝐨𝐫 𝐭𝐫𝐚𝐧𝐬𝐢𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐩𝐥𝐚𝐧𝐭𝐬 𝐨𝐮𝐭𝐝𝐨𝐨𝐫𝐬
- 1st week: 20 minutes of direct sunlight, or 1 hour of shade daily
- 2nd week: 1 hour of direct sunlight, or 3-4 hours of shade daily
- 3rd week: 2 hours of direct sunlight daily, or all day in the shade
- 4th week: Transplant outdoors permanently
Using the best soil for pepper Plants
A healthy pepper plant starts with a healthy growing environment. That means using the right soil. If you plan to start your plants indoors, you’ll want to have 2 distinct soils. One for starting seedlings, and one for post-transplant.
𝐒𝐞𝐞𝐝 𝐒𝐭𝐚𝐫𝐭𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐒𝐨𝐢𝐥:
When you start seeds, the soil should be devoid of nutrients. A pepper seed contains built-in nutrients that help the plant germinate and grow to a certain size. Then, the plants can be moved to more nutrient-rich soil
Note: It is important not to start your seeds indoors with soil taken from outside. This can bring in mold, insects and other organisms. Definitely use a bagged seed starting soil!
𝐇𝐨𝐰 𝐨𝐟𝐭𝐞𝐧 𝐭𝐨 𝐟𝐞𝐫𝐭𝐢𝐥𝐢𝐳𝐞 𝐏𝐞𝐩𝐩𝐞𝐫 𝐩𝐥𝐚𝐧𝐭𝐬 ?
We begin fertilising immediately after the peppers germinate. Don’t fertilise immediately after transplanting. Wait around a week to allow the root system to integrate with the new soil. Then you can begin your fertilising regimen.
𝐖𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐢𝐬 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐛𝐞𝐬𝐭 𝐩𝐨𝐭 𝐟𝐨𝐫 𝐩𝐞𝐩𝐩𝐞𝐫 𝐩𝐥𝐚𝐧𝐭𝐬 ?
If you are growing peppers in pots, you may be wondering what the best pot for pepper plants is. The answer is simple: 12-inch pots or larger.
𝐏𝐫𝐮𝐧𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐘𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐠 𝐩𝐞𝐩𝐩𝐞𝐫 𝐩𝐥𝐚𝐧𝐭𝐬!
On young starter plants, about 3-5 inches tall, you can prune your pepper plants just past the second or third node (this is where new sets of leaves begin).
Note: Make sure you leave at least 2-3 sets of leaves on your plant. Without leaves, the plant will not be able to photosynthesize!